November 16, 2007

1. What is Tourism & Aviation industry?

In general terms Tourism and Aviation industry are defined as follows.

Tourism industry – Tourism industry refers to an industry that deals with the people those who travel from their own place to other in order to visit.

Aviation Industry – Aviation industry is a segment of travel industry that deals with air transportation from one destination to another destination.

In order to know details about Tourism and Aviation industry we are going to have a closer look at the next:

Tourist, Tourism & Tourism Industry
According to World Tourism Organization: -

“Tourists” are defined as “people who travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited".

“Tourism” is known as the collective activities and services that facilitate and attract tourists and shaped within their participation. International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism defined Tourism in terms of particular activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home environment. These service industries include Transportation services such as airlines, cruise ships, rails, taxis and any other mode of transportation. Accommodation such as hotel, motel, resort, dorms and any further offers that accommodate people to stay overnight. Food services namely restaurants, bars, pubs etc. Recreation Entertainment, sports, festival, and Treatment services such as spas and resorts.

“Tourism industry” is the industry that focuses on the operation and implementation of the above components of service industries collectively to satisfy need and demand of tourists. In the broader sense, at present tourism industry is the worlds largest industry, which captures about 4% share of the world’s economy, and classified as the most employment generating industry of the world. For many countries tourism is the dominant sector for income by the consumption of goods and services by tourists, the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry, as well as the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism.

Classification of Tourism:
The United Nations classified three forms of tourism 1. Domestic tourism is involves residents of the given country traveling within the national boundary. 2. Inbound tourism involving non-residents traveling in the given country and 3. Outbound tourism involving residents of a given country is traveling in another country. The UN also have categorized tourism by 3 basic forms: Internal tourism, National tourism and International tourism.

Why people travel?
There are numerous reasons behind traveling such as Business, Visiting friends and family, Curiosity, Natural attraction, Historical places, Recreation. However, two factor that influence traveling – The first is “Internal push factor” – for example Pilgrimage, Education, Health Care. The second is “External pull factor” – Nature, Sports, Recreation and many more.
In order to regulate tourism nationwide organization is “National Tourism Council” Example – In Thailand “TOA” – Tourism Authority of Thailand” and for International tourism is “UNWTO” – World Tourism Organization”.

 Aviation (Air Transportation, Airlines)

“Whatsoever the reason of traveling people need transportation for movement, the next question arise which mode of transportation?. The answer is affordable, time saving, convenient and safety. So, air transportation is the one meet most all of the above”

The aviation basically categorized as Civil aviation and Military aviation. Dear reader, at this point I would like to inform you that our focus would be on the civil aviation only. Hence “Air transportation” would represent “Civil aviation”. The air transport sector includes those activities that are directly dependent on transporting people and goods by air. Airports, airlines, air navigation services are the terms that describe the industry comprehensively. The airlines are classified as “Career” (Passenger Transportation) (career) and “Cargo” (Freight Transportation).

Aviation provides the only worldwide transportation network, which makes it essential for global business and tourism. Air transpiration alleviates poverty and helps to improve living standards by facilitating tourism. Air transport improves quality of life by broadening people’s leisure and cultural experiences. It provides a wider choice of holiday destinations around the world and an affordable means to visit distance friends and relatives. Air transport contributes to sustainable development not only by facilitating tourism and trade, it generates economic growth, provides jobs, increase revenues from taxes as well as facilitates the delivery of emergency humanitarian aid relief and swift delivery of medical supplies anywhere on the earth.

To regulate international air transportation navigation the organization “IATA” - International Air Transport Association, play the vital role. “ICAO” - International Civil Aviation Organization, works for to promote understanding and security through cooperative aviation regulation.

4 comments:

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3B said...

Informative article shared here.Travel and Tourism industry is one of the largest industry globally,
in terms of size and employment..Some exciting new trends have positive impact in the development of this industry.I really like your post.Keep continue sharing such useful blog

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